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1. A century-old Ottoman legacy in China
An Austrian steamship which left İstanbul silently on April 28, 1901, stopping briefly in both İzmir and Alexandria, and then passed through the Red Sea and headed towards the Far East, wound up spurring all of the various Western agents and envoys in the region into action.

An ethnic Uighur woman hugs her son as she stands outside her house with her daughter and neighbours in an old residential area of Kashgar, Xinjiang Uighur Autonomous Region, on July 22, 2012. (ROONEY CHEN/REUTERS)

2.  Rights Ramadan and Chinas religious intolerance
[ by The Globe and Mail,Published ]

The Chinese authorities have unjustly and unwisely restricted the practice of Islam in Xinjiang province – a policy wrong in itself and also reflective of their (at best) inconsistent respect for human rights as a whole


3. China jails 20 on terrorism, separatism charges in restive Xinjiang, BEIJING   [By Reuters]
BEIJING Aug 2 (Reuters) - Courts in China's restive far western region of Xinjiang have jailed 20 people for up to 15 years on charges of terrorism and separatism, state media said on Thursday, as the heavily Muslim area marks the fasting month of Ramadan.


China discourages fasting for Uighur Muslims

4. China discourages fasting for Uighur Muslims
Associate Press]
China is discouraging some Muslims in the far western region of Xinjiang from fasting during Ramadan. The government says the move is motivated by health concerns, but others said on Friday that it's a risky campaign to secularise the Muslim minority that will likely backfire.


5. China curbs Ramadan fasting in Xinjiang
[by Aljazeera ]
Chinese authorities in the northwestern province of Xinjiang have banned Muslim officials and students from fasting during the month of Ramadan, prompting an exiled rights group to warn of new violence. Guidance posted on numerous government websites called on Communist Party leaders to restrict Muslim religious activities during the holy month, including fasting and visiting mosques.

6. A Spectator's Role for China's Muslims  
ONE FAITH, MANY GROUPS China's 10 Muslim nationalities, including Hui, above, and Uighurs, below, have differed over how much to assimilate into the country's majority culture. But they have found common cause over issues that denigrate Islam. 


7. China and Islam in the Northwest Chinese Region      [ANTIWAR.COM]
Kingdoms have risen and fallen in China's Xinjiang region for the past 2000 years. In the early 20th century, foreign archaeologists were surprised and delighted to find Muslim communities built upon Tang dynasty ruins built upon Tibetan villages built upon Han forts built upon Indian Buddhist monasteries 


8. China's Treatment of Muslims Under Fire
[By  IslamOnline(IOL)]
"The Chinese government should not be permitted to use the 'war on terror' or Olympic security as a front to persecute the Uighurs," said Republican co-chairmen of the Congressional Human Rights Caucus Frank Wolf, reported Agence France-Presse (AFP)


9.  Female imam a first for Ningxia
Jin Meihua, a female imam, preaches in a very small courtyard in the Wunan Mosque in the city of Wuzhong in northwest China's Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region.

 The 40-year-old Jin is among the first female imams in the region.  "My wish is to deliver virtue," said Jin.


6.  China  
(Country Profile) [BY LIBRARY OF CONGRESS]
Formal Name: People’s Republic of China
(Zhonghua Renmin Gonghe Guo — 中华人民共和国 ).
Short Form: China (Zhongguo — 中国 ).
Term for Citizen(s) Chinese (singular and plural) (Huaren — 华人 ).
Capital: Beijing (Northern Capital — 北京 ).


7.  Halal Food Saves China Muslims
[By  IslamOnline(IOL)]

While China is still suffering from a tainted milk scandal, Muslims in the northwest Xinjiang province feel confident their dairy products are safe, thanks to their halal standards. "Halal food is traditional," Hui Li Huang, manager of Urumqi Arman halal food store, told the San Francisco


8.  Islam with Chinese characteristics
[by Pallavi Aiyar (ASIA TIMES)]
The muezzin sounds the evening call to prayer. White skullcaps glint in the fading brightness of the setting sun as the faithful make their way into the mosque. The shush of whispered "salam alaikums" fills the hall. Outside, the mosque's minarets stretch up into the sky; a single crescent moon decorates the top of the green dome.


9.Islam in China
According to China Muslims' traditional legendary accounts, Islam was first brought to China by Sa'ad ibn abi Waqqas. As reported by Al-Bayhaqi, Muhammad pronounced: "Seek for knowledge even unto China". Chinese Muslims have been in China for the last 1,400 years of continuous interaction with Chinese society.

10.Muslims join together for annual festival
[By Mu Qian (China Daily) ]
 Festivity was in the air as more than 10,000 Chinese and foreign Muslims celebrated Eid al-Adha or the Qurban Festival at four mosques in Guangzhou Tuesday. The Huaisheng Mosque and the Abu Waggas Tomb had to hold prayers twice on Tuesday in order to accommodate the number of worshippers.  


11.The Hui: China's most loyal Muslims
[By Andrew Forbes (CPAmedia)]

Muslims have been in China for well over a thousand years and yet they are still regarded as strange and inscrutable and backward, and politically suspect.

Paul Theroux, Riding the Iron Rooster 

More than 10,000 Muslims now perform the Friday prayers at Guangzhou's four mosques. (China Daily photo)

12. Traders Revive Islam in China
[By  IslamOnline(IOL)]
Islam is making a strong comeback in the Chinese international trade hub of Guangzhou, a city first introduced to Islam more than one thousand years ago, thanks to foreign traders.  


13. Uyghur Muslim Ethnic Separatism in Xinjiang, China
[Elizabeth Van Wie Davis(Asia-Pacific Center for Security Studies]
Uprising in Baren marked an increase in Uyghur Muslim violence in Xinjiang, China. Two justifications—ethnic separatism and religious rhetoric—are given. The Uyghurs, who reside throughout the immediate region, are the largest Turkic ethnic group living in Xinjiang as well as being overwhelmingly Muslim. This combination of ethnicity and religion also involves the movement of religious and political ideologies, weapons, and people.


14. Muslim in China
At present, according to official statistics there are 28 million Muslim in China but in 1936 it was estimated that the Muslim population was 48 million. By this time total population has increased 3-4 fold. So we can conclude that the total Muslim population has increased minimum by that same proportion. Therefore, now the total Muslim population is at least 150 million.